Quiz 1 – Chapter 2 – Models of Criminal Justice
1. The day-to-day administration of justice is less complex than the formal machinery of the justice system.
2. Walker proposes that most crime control ideas are based on false assumptions about how the CJS works.
3. Walker suggests that most of the time, the system operates in a chaotic and arbitrary manner.
4. Neither version of the New Cynicism adequately explains how the justice system handles routine cases on a day-to-day basis.
5. The Crime Commission’s model takes a systems approach to the administration of criminal justice.
6. The wedding cake model highlights significant differences in case processing within each layer and consistent patterns in case processing between layers.
7. Celebrated cases distort public perceptions about criminal justice.
8. The majority of cases are celebrated cases that involve the full criminal process including the criminal trial
9. The defining factor that makes a case celebrated is a celebrity offender.
10. The factor that differentiates second and third layer felonies is the frequency with which the courtroom workgroup sees cases in the different layers as are similar in other ways.
11. Data provided on stranger and non-stranger rape cases supported Walker’s argument regarding the impact of the victim/offender relationship on case processing, but data provided on stranger and non-stranger robbery cases did not support Walker’s argument.
12. Data on career-criminal prosecution programs show that they are less effective than was hoped, because these offenses were already being treated seriously.
13. Based on lower court research, Walker concludes that lower courts are very different from the upper courts, but there are significant differences between courts in different jurisdictions